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       The moment a woman decides to become a mother, she and her husband should stop all contraceptive measures. Proper time-period for conception is after ovulation has occurred i.e. around 14th day of last menstrual date. This period is called as Rutukal in Ayurveda. Common opinion suggests that the ideal period must be from 12 to 16 days after menstruation.

       During conception, the couple should be physically clean, take proper bath and pray god to have a good child. For begetting a child with no physical deformities and of Sattvika properties (mentally well-balanced child), they need to be in a good mood during intercourse.

       After conceiving a woman should take proper care of herself, she should eat good, well balanced diet and should not over exert herself. She should be inclined towards spirituality. She should listen to light music, read good books, share the company of her husband and people with charming personalities.

The process of formation of zygot (Garbha) is called Garbha dharana. 
  • The union of shukra (sperm), artava (ovum) and atma or jiva inside the kukshi (uterus) is known as grabha (zygot, embryo or foetus). Besides atma the association of prakrti and vikaras is also essential; after development of arms, legs, tongue, nose, ears and hips etc. body-parts, it is termed as sarira.
  • Harita defines that the body is composed of five tatwas, five Indriyas, seven dhatus and ten vayas. The body formed with combination of shukra (sperms) and artava (ovum) is trgunatmaka due to influence of jiva, mana and akasa. This panchabhautika body is vulnerable for being vitiated by dosas.
For Requirements of Conception
Just as germination occurs by the concurrence of four factors
  • Seasons,
  • Soil,
  • Water and
  • Seed,
For fertilization in human being too, four factors are essential. They are:
  • Fertile period of the female,
  • Uterus (in healthy state),
  • Nutrition to fertilized zygot,
  • Sperm (in good quality and quantity).


Formation of Zygote
       During coitus between man and woman the tejas is activated by vayu and the seminal fluid is discharged by the combined action of tejas and vayu into the vagina and later unites with the artava. Further, being formed with the combined effort of agni and soma, it settles in the uterine cavity.
Process of descent of various components in embryo
  • Susruta opines that teja or heat generated at the time of coitus activates vayu,
  • then the sukra excreted due to the action of both vayu and teja reaches uterus,
  • gets mixed with artava,
  • then the atma or jiva, inspite of being aksaya (imperishable), avyaya (eternal), acintya (inconceivable) but due to effect of daiva (destiny), associated with bhuta (pancamahabhutas), satwa, raja, tama, daiva and asura etc. bhavas and impelled by vayu reaches the uterus and stays there.
  • thus formed zygote with the union of agni (artava) and soma (sukra) stays in uterus.
The sequence of descent of mana, atma and panchamahabhutas in embryo
  • With the help or companionship of mana, the chetana dhatu proceeds for taking hold of guna (satwa, raja and tama).
  • Atma at the time of beholding of gunas first of all creates akasa, in the same way as after complete annihilation of entire universe, the god of creation brahma first of all created akasa with the assistance of satwa, followed by gradual creation of more perceptible bhutas. Similarly in the formation of embryo also first acquisition of akasa followed by more perceptible other four bhutas occurs. In acquiring all the mahabhutas time taken is very negligible.


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