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Q.1) What does Anorexia mean?

Ans : Anorexia means loss of appetite.
 

Q.2) Whom does it affect the most?

Ans: It is most common among adolescents, adults and elderly people and is more prevalent among females. Male adults who have a busy schedule or have tensed personalities usually get affected.

 

Q.3) What are the causes of Anorexia?
Ans: The causes are
  • Acute febrile illness
  • Chronic infections: Tuberculosis
  • Decreased metabolic function as in:
            Addison's disease, (Primary hypoadrenalism)
            Hypothyroidism, (decreased thyroid function)
            Simmond's disease. (Adult Panhypopituitarism.)    
  • Local causes such as:
            Decreased Hydrochloric acid secretion
            Carcinoma of stomach
            Chronic gastritis
            Pernicious anemia
  • Psychic causes: Mental worry, fear, Anorexia nervosa.
  • Deficiency of vitamins: Particularly B-complex.
  • Physiological anorexia occurs due to:
            Inactive life
            Irregular eating and drinking
            Excess of carbohydrate food in between meals.
  
Q.4)What are the symptoms of Anorexia?
Ans: The symptoms are
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Loss of weight (if chronic).
  • Loss of texture of hair - rough and easily falling.
  • Muscle wasting.
  • Absence of menses.
  • If near or during puberty, the adult sexual characteristics may be absent or delayed.
 
Q.5) What are the related signs?
Ans: The signs are
  • Pale, wrinkled face
  • Sunken abdomen (Inverted saucer-like)
  • Sunken eyes may have dark circles.
  • Swollen ankles
  • Mental apathy and confusion.
 
Q.6)What investigations are done?
Ans: The investigations carried out are
  • Complete Blood count
  • Blood Smear.
  • ESR .
  • Chest X-ray.
  • Specific tests for other Systemic causes.
 
Q.7) What are the treatment measures?
Ans: Drugs generally used are
  • Appetizers 
  • Multivitamins.
  • Anabolic steroids, if required.
  • Specific treatment: Depends on the underlying cause.
 
Q.8) What is the prognosis?
Ans: The prognosis depends on the underlying cause.
 
Q.9) How can Anorexia be prevented?
Ans: It can be prevented by following
  • Proper food habits from childhood.
  • Keeping the atmosphere relaxed at meal times.
  • Counseling teens to get rid of the fad of becoming thin.
  • Informing them about the risks of starvation.
  • Having at least one complete meal with the family.
  • Being imaginative when preparing food, especially for children.
  • Avoiding too many snacks and excessive fluids between meals.
  • Telling them about the importance of proper weight gain according to age and nutrition.
  • Planning proper diet program, may be with the help of a dietician.
  • Having mental peace and calmness; emotional support by family and friends.
  • Taking psychologist's help.
Q.10) Important things one should know about Anorexia?
Ans: The important things that one should know are
  • Diet should consist of appetizing food and intake of sweets between meals should be avoided.
  • One should not hurry while having meals.
  • Regular exercise is necessary.
  • Intake of fresh air.
  • Avoidance of smoking and alcohol. 

 

 

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