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THE INDIAN MEDICAL COUNCIL RULES, 1957(1)
  
In exercise of the powers conferred by Sections 4 and 32 of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 (102 of 1956), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules namely :

1. Short title - 
These rules may be called the Indian Medical Council Rules, 1957.

  2. Definitions - 
In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires 
a) `Act' means the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 (102 of 1956) ;
b) `Form' means a form annexed to these rules.
c) `President' means the President of the Medical Council of India.
d) `Returning Officer' means any officer appointed as such by the Central Government for the purposes of these rules.
e) `Section' means a section of the Act.
Elections to the Council under clause (b) of section 3(1)

3. Representatives of Universities -
 
(1) The President shall, not later than ninety days before the date of occurrence of a vacancy by the expiry of the terms of office of a member, send intimation thereof to the Central Government who shall not later than sixty days before the date of occurrence of the vacancy, forward a notice by registered post to the Registrar of the University concerned requesting him to hold an election by a date not later than the date specified in the notice.

  (2) In the case of any other vacancy, the President shall notify the
Central Government as soon as possible the occurrence of the vacancy and the Central Government shall thereupon forward a notice by registered post to the Registrar of the University concerned requesting him to hold an election to fill that vacancy by a date not later than the date specified in the notice.

  (3) For the purpose of the first election under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 3 it shall be sufficient if the Central Government forwards a notice by registered post to the Registrar of each University concerned requesting him to hold the election by a date not later than the date specified in the notice.

4. Election by Senate or Court 
The members of the Senate of the University or in case the University has no Senate, the members of the Court shall elect a member from amongst the members of medical faculty of the University in the following manner, namely :-
(a) the date, time and place of the election shall be limited to each of the members by the Registrar of the University at least thirty days before the date of meeting in which the election is proposed to be held.
(b) any member present at the meeting shall be entitled to propose a
name of any member present from amongst the members of medical
faculty, for election as a member of the Medical Council of India and such proposal shall be required to be seconded by a member other than the proposer or the one whose name is proposed. Provided that the member shall be entitled to propose or second only one name.
(c) any candidate may withdraw his candidature before the actual
election.
(d) if the name of only one candidate is duly proposed and seconded, the Registrar of the University shall forthwith declare such candidate as duly elected.
(e) if the number of candidates duly proposed and seconded exceeds one, an election shall be held by secret ballot.
(f) before the commencement of actual election on the date so intimated, the Registrar of the University shall invite the members to inspect the ballot box, in case they may like to do so, and he shall then lock the box.
(g) on the date of actual election, the members present in the meeting shall, one by one, sign against their names in the list which contains the names of all the members in alphabetical order and is placed along the side of the ballot box ;
(h) after a member has signed his name in said list, he shall be given a ballot paper containing the names of all the candidates and signature of the Registrar of the University, which he shall drop into the ballot box after affixing thereon a cross (x) mark against the name of the candidate of his choice ;
(i) as soon as all the members present and wishing to exercise the right to vote have done so, the Registrar of the University shall, in the presence of the candidates who may be present in person, open the ballot box and take out from it all the ballot papers and examine them and reject an invalid ballot paper if ---
  A) it does not bear the signature of the Registrar of the University ; or 
  B) the member signs his name or writes any word or makes any mark on it by which it becomes recognizable as his ballot paper ; or
  C) No vote is recorded thereon.  or
  D) There is uncertainty of the vote exercised.  or
  E) The vote has been given in favor of more than one candidate ;
(j) the Registrar of the University shall then proceed to arrange the valid votes according to the candidates in whose favour they had been cast and count them separately for each candidate ;
(k) after the counting is over, the Registrar of the University shall make an announcement in the meeting about the votes secured by each of the candidate and he shall also declare the candidate securing the largest number of valid votes as duly elected to be a member of the Medical Council of India.
(l) In the event of two or more candidates securing the same number of votes and that number being more than the number of votes secured by any candidate other than the two or more securing the same number of votes the determination as between such candidates shall be by draw of lots and the candidates on whom the lot falls, shall be declared elected.

5. Intimation of name of elected person to the Central Government
The name of the person elected shall be intimated by the Registrar of
the University to the Central Government who shall take steps to publish the name of the elected person in the Official Gazette.
Elections to the Council under clause (c) of section 3(1)

6. Persons entitled to vote at and to stand for election -
All persons whose names are borne on the State Medical Register and who possess the medical qualifications included in the First or the Second Schedule or in Part II of the Third Schedule to the Act shall be entitled to vote at the election of a member under Section 3(1)(c) and to stand as candidates for such election.

7. Posting of copies of State Medical Register - 
Copies of the State Medical Register shall be posted at the offices of the Returning Officer and of the State Medical Council. The register shall be brought up to date before posting. For this purpose, the Returning Officer shall give one month's notice to the Registrar, State Medical Council concerned who maintains the register in the State.

8. Returning Officer to hold the election - 
The Returning Officer shall call upon persons enrolled in the State Medical Register and possessing the medical qualifications referred to in Section 3(1)(c) to elect one member of the Council hereinafter provided.

9. Returning Officer to decide questions relating to right of persons to stand for or to vote at election 
If any question arises as to whether a person is or is not entitled to vote in the election or to stand for the election, the question shall be referred to the Returning Officer whose decision shall be final.

10. Fixation of dates of various stages of election 
The Returning Officer shall notify in the Official Gazette and in such other manner as he thinks fit, the date, time and place for ---
(a) the receipt of the nomination papers and their scrutiny.
(b) the dispatch of voting papers to the electors. 
(c) the poll  and
(d) the scrutiny and counting of votes.


11. Nomination of candidates
Any person qualified to stand for election under these rules may be nominated as a candidate for election. Such nomination shall be made by means of a nomination paper in Form No. 1 which shall be supplied by the Returning Officer to any elector who may apply for the same.

12. Nomination Paper 
  (1) Each nomination paper shall be subscribed by two electors as proposer and seconder :
Provided that no elector shall subscribe more nominations than one :
Provided further that if more than one nomination paper be subscribed by the same elector, the nomination paper first received by the Returning Officer shall, if otherwise in order, be held to be valid and if more than one nomination paper signed by the same elector be received simultaneously by the Returning Officer, all such nomination papers shall be held to be invalid.

  (2) On receipt of each nomination paper, the Returning Officer shall
forthwith endorse thereupon the date and hour of receipt.

13. Rejection of nomination paper
A nomination paper, which is not received before the date and the time appointed on that behalf shall be rejected.

14. Scrutiny of nomination papers - 
  (1) On the date and  the time appointed by the Returning Officer for the scrutiny of the nomination papers, the candidates and the proposer and seconder of each candidate may attend the office of the Returning Officer, who shall allow them to examine the nomination papers of all the candidates, which have been
received by him as aforesaid.

  (2) The Returning Officer shall examine the nomination papers and decide all questions which may arise as to the validity of any nomination and his decision thereon shall be final.

15. Withdrawal of candidature 
 
(1) Any candidate may withdraw his candidature before time appointed for the scrutiny of nomination papers by notice in writing signed by him and delivered to the Returning officer. A candidate who has withdrawn his candidature shall not be allowed to cancel the withdrawal or to be nominated as a candidate for the same
election.

  (2) The Returning Officer shall on receiving a notice of withdrawal publish the fact of such withdrawal in the Official Gazette.

16. Poll 
  (1) If only one candidate is duly nominated, the Returning
Officer shall forthwith declare such candidate to be elected.

  (2) If the number of duly nominated candidates exceeds one, returning officer shall publish their names and addresses in the Official Gazette and shall further cause their names to be entered in the voting papers in Form No. II

  (3) If a poll is found necessary, the Returning Officer shall, thirty days before the date appointed therefore, send by air mail to an elector residing or practicing abroad and by post to any other elector a letter of intimation in Form No. IV together with a numbered declaration paper in Form No. III, a voting paper in Form No. II containing the names of the candidates in alphabetical order bearing the Returning Officer's initials or facsimile signature, a voting paper cover addressed to him (the Returning Officer) and an outer cover also addressed to him. A certificate of posting shall be obtained in respect of each such letter of intimation sent to an elector :
Provided that the voting paper and other connected papers may also be sent to any elector on his applying to the Returning Officer for the same before the date appointed for the poll, if the Returning Officer is satisfied that the papers have not been sent to him.
          
  (4) An elector who has not received the voting and other connected
papers sent to him by post or who has lost them or in whose case the papers before their return to the Returning Officer have been
inadvertently spoilt, may transmit a declaration to that effect signed by himself and request the Returning Officer to send him fresh papers and if the papers have been spoilt, the spoilt papers shall be returned to the Returning Officer who shall cancel them on receipt. In every case in which fresh papers are issued, a mark shall be placed against the number relating to the elector's name in a copy of the State Medical Register to denote that fresh papers have been issued.

  (5) No election shall be invalid by reason of the non-receipt by an elector of his voting power.

17. Votes to be sent by registered post 
Every elector desirous of recording his vote shall, after filling up the declaration paper and the voting paper according to the directions given in the letter of intimation with an enclosure with  the voting paper in the voting paper cover, stick up the cover, enclose the cover in the outer envelope addressed to the Returning Officer and send the outer envelope by registered post at the elector's own cost to the Returning officer , so as to reach him not later than 5.00
p.m. on the date fixed for the poll. All envelopes received after that day and hour or received by unregistered post shall be rejected.

18. Endorsement by Returning Officer on registered cover - 
On receipt by registered post of the envelopes containing the declaration paper and the closed cover containing the voting paper, the Returning officer shall endorse on the outer envelope the date and hour of receipt.

19. Candidates may be present when registered covers are opened
The Returning Officer shall open the outer envelopes immediately after 5.00 p.m. on the day fixed for the poll at the place to which the
envelopes are addressed to him. Any candidate may be present in person or may send a representative duly authorised by him in writing to attend at the time the outer envelopes are opened.

20. Rejection of voting papers 
 
(1) A voting paper cover shall be rejected by the Returning Officer if
(a) the outer envelope contains no declaration paper outside the voting paper cover, or
(b) the declaration paper is not the one sent by the Returning Officer, or
(c) the declaration paper is not signed by the elector, or
(d) the voting paper is placed outside the voting paper cover, or
(e) more than one declaration paper or voting paper cover have been
enclosed in one and the same outer envelope.

  (2) After satisfying himself that the electors have affixed their signature to the declaration papers, the Returning Officer shall keep all the declaration papers in safe custody, pending disposal under rule 23.

21. Scrutiny and counting of votes 
  (1) The Returning Officer shall attend for the purpose of scrutiny and counting of the votes at the date, time and place appointed by him in this behalf provided the date so appointed shall not be later than three days from the date fixed for the poll.

  (2) All the voting paper covers, other than those rejected under rule 20, shall be opened and the voting papers taken out and mixed together. The voting papers shall then be scrutinised and the valid votes counted.
 
  (3) A voting paper shall be invalid if -
(a) it does not bear the Returning Officer's initials, or face simile signature or
(b) a voter signs his name or writes a word or makes any mark on it, by which it becomes recognizable as his voting paper ; or
(c) No vote is recorded thereon ; or
(d) The number of votes recorded thereon exceeds the number to be filled or
(e) It is void for uncertainty of the vote exercised.

  (2) Any candidate may be present in person or may send a representative duly authorised by him in writing to watch the process of counting.

  (3) The Returning Officer shall show the voting paper, if requested to do so, to the candidates or their authorised representatives at the time of scrutiny and counting of votes.

  (4) If any objection is made to any voting paper on the ground that it
does not comply with the specified requirements or to any rejection by the Returning Officer of a voting paper, it shall be decided at once by the Returning Officer whose decision shall be final.

  (5) The Returning Officer shall nominate such number of scrutinizers as he thinks fit. The scrutinizers shall be Gazette Officers of the Government.

22. Declaration of result 
 
(1) When the counting of the votes has been completed, the Returning Officer shall forthwith declare the candidate to whom the largest number of valid votes has been given to be duly elected
and shall forthwith inform the successful candidate by a letter of his being elected to the council. If any candidate thus shown to be elected (Omitted by S.R.O. 2282, dated 5.7.1957) refuses to accept election, then in the place of that candidate, one of the remaining candidates to whom the next largest number of votes has been given shall be held to have been elected and the same procedure shall be followed as often as a vacancy is caused in this way.

  (2) When an equality of votes is found to exist between any candidates and the addition of a vote will entitle any of the candidates to be declared elected the determination of the person to whom such one additional vote shall be deemed to have been given shall be made by lot to be drawn in the presence of the Returning Officer and in such manner as he may determine.

23. Voting papers to be retained for six months 
Upon the completion of the counting and after the result has been declared by him, the Returning Officer shall seal up the voting papers and all other documents relating to the election and shall retain the same for a period of six months and he shall not destroy or cause to be destroyed the records even after six months without the previous concurrence of the Central Government.

24. Result of election
The Returning Officer shall intimate the name of the elected candidate to the Central Government.

25. Power to declare any election void 
The Central Government may, on objection made by a candidate for any election within a period of fifteen days from the date of the election of the returned candidate, or of its own motion at any time, declare the election to be void on account of bribery, undue influence or other corrupt practice which in the opinion of the Central Government has interfered with the free and fair conduct of
the election or for any other sufficient cause, and may call on the
electorate to make a fresh election.
(2) The decision of the Central Government under this rule shall be final.

26. Nomination to the Council under section
3(1)(a) pending elections - Pending the preparation of the Indian Medical Register in accordance with the provisions of the Act, the members referred to in clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 3 shall be nominated by the Central Government instead of being elected as provided therein.

27. Appeal under section 24 of the Act
  (1) Where the name of any person has been removed from a State Medical Register on any ground other than that he is not possessed of the requisite medical qualifications or where any application made by the said person for the restoration of his name to the State Medical Register has been rejected, the said person may appeal to the Central Government against the decision of the State Government or other authority ordering such removal or rejecting his
application :Provided that such an appeal shall lie to the Central Government only after the party has exhausted all his remedies under State enactment concerned.

  (2) Every such appeal which shall be in writing and addressed to the Central Government, shall state the grounds for the appeal and shall be accompanied by all relevant documents in original. It shall also be accompanied by a Treasury Receipt for the payment of a fee of Rs.20 (rupees twenty only) which shall not be refundable.
 
  (3) An appeal shall be admitted by the Central Government only when it is made within thirty days from the date of the decision appealed against.

  (4) The Central Government, on receipt of such an appeal, shall consult the Medical Council of India who shall be asked to give their opinion by a specified date. The decision of the Central Government shall be communicated to the appellant by registered post.

28. The decision of the Central Government shall be final on any question that may arise as to the intention, construction or application of these rules.
1. 1 Vide S.R.O. 1319, published in the Gazette of India, Pt I, Sec. 3,dated 19th January, 1957 
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